A-Z Of Fishing Jargon


Below is an A-Z of fishing jargon that can help you to understand some of the baffling terms used in fishing





 

     



Algae


Simple plants that lack roots, stems and leaves.


Anal Fin


The fin located on the underside of a fish's body, just ahead of the tail.


Angler


A person who fishes with a hook and line.


Angling


The act of fishing with a hook and line.


Anti Reverse Lock


An Anti reverse lock keeps the handle on the reel stationary, as line is stripped away from the reel.


Arlesey Bomb


This is a pear shaped weight developed by Richard Walker for use when legering. Its shape gives it great aerodynamic properties which allows presentation of bait at long distances.


Artificial Baits


Are plastic imitations of popular fishing baits like bread, corn & maggot - Also known as “Fake” baits


Artificial Lures


Lures made form a variety of materials to attract fish to strike, examples of which are Flies, Plugs, Spinners & Spoons.


Attractant


An attractant is something that an angler can add to their bait in order to attract fish into the swim.



     



Birds Nest


A tangle of line around the reel so big, it actually resembles a birds nest !


Backing


Filling a new spool with line can be an expensive exercise, some anglers put “backing” on the spool before filling it with new line, as this helps make up some of the space on the spool - Heavier line or tape can be used to great effect.


Backwater


A slow moving area of water, off the main river.


Back Lead


A back lead is a weight with an eye attached, It's placed on to the main line to keep the line between the terminal tackle and the rod anchored to the lake bed - This tactic is used to help reduce the number of line bites.  


Bagging up


A term used to describe an angler catching a large amount of fish.


Bail Arm


A bail arm is the half circle of rounded metal that guides the line onto the spool of the reel - It has two positions, open,  which lets the line run freely from the spool and closed, which is used to retrieve line.


Bait


Anything that a fish will eat.


Bait Bands


Bait bands are small rubber bands which are used to help secure awkward baits such as pellets to the hook.


Bait Dropper


Bait droppers are designed to get loose feed on the bottom of a river as they only deposit their cargo when they come into contact with the bottom, this stops any loose feed being washed away in the fast currents above.


Baitfish


Various species of fish, such as Minnows & Roach which are sought as food by predators.


Bait Gun


A bait gun is used when making your own bollies, it helps squeeze the boilie mixture into a long evenly shaped sausage -This sausage can then be cut and rolled into shapes resembling boillies


Baiting Needle


A baiting needle is designed to help pull a hair rig loop through a bait.


Baitrunner


A baitrunner is a patented function of certain Shimano reels.


Once a bait is cast out to the desired spot, and the line between the rod and the rig is tightened, a switch on the reel is engaged, which sets the reel to baitrun. In this mode, the reel allows line to be taken from the spool when a fish picks up the bait and takes your bait on a “run” - Without the baitrunner engaged there is a possibility that your rod maybe be pulled into the water if the fish is sufficiently large enough.


Bait tray/Waiter


A bait tray or waiter is normally attached to a side of a seatbox, or fixed to a bank stick - They allow your bait to be placed on an easily accessible platform, which has square or circular holes in, which allows bait boxes to be held securely.


Balanced Tackle


A concept of rod, line, and terminal tackle complementing each other in such a way that they create an optimal system. For instance, twenty pound line doesn't belong on a rod designed to handle only four pound line - Balanced tackle allows you to catch and land more fish.


Balling In


This is a term used to describe the throwing of groundbait into a swim.


Banks


The land edge of lakes and rivers - The right bank of the river is on your right when you are facing downstream, and the left bank is on your left.


Barb


A reverse projection at the end of a hook to prevent the hook from sliding out of a fish's mouth.


Barbless Hook


A hook without a barb.


Bay


A bay is an indentation in the shoreline of a lake or river.


Beards


A term used to describe Barbel.


Bend


The curved portion of a hook.


Beta Light / Night Light (glow sticks)


These are small plastic tubes filled with chemicals, that once mixed, create a light source which can be added to a float or quiver tip to help improve bite detection in darkness or low light conditions.


Bin Lids


A term used to describe large Bream.


Bite Alarm


A bite alarm is a battery powered device which can detect movements of line that pass over it's sensitive rollers. An audible signal is usually registered with a bite, and on the majority of models a light is also illuminated to give a visual indication.


Bivvy


A tent like shelter designed for long stay anglers who fish for prolonged stretches of time.


Bite


The feeding action of a hungry fish.


Blank / Blanking


The term used to describe a day when no fish are caught.


Bobbin


A bobbin is a lightweight indicator which is clipped to the main line between the reel and the first rod ring. A bite will be displayed with the bobbin rising (run) or the bobbin falling (Drop back bite). It is not uncommon to use them in conjunction with a bite alarm set up.


Boilies


Boilies are small rounded hardened balls of paste which come in many different colours and flavours. They were primarily designed to catch Carp, however, most other coarse fish have been caught on them at some point. Not only can these baits be bought over the counter, they can also be made at home with relative ease.


Boilie drills

Boilie drills are used when a baiting needle will not cleanly push through a boilie, they allow a clean hole to be made which will allow the hair rig to be pushed through.


Boilie Stop


A boilie stop is used to stop the hair rig pulling back through the boilie / bait used on a hair rig.


Bolt Rig


A bolt rig is a form of legering designed in such a way that when a fish picks up the bait, it feels the weight of the lead and then “bolts” - Essentially hooking itself. It is imperative that when using a bolt rig that safety clips are used for the lead weights, otherwise if the line snaps and a fixed lead is used, there is a distinct possibility the fish could become tethered on underwater snags and suffer!


Bottom


The bottom is used to describe the lake or river bed.


Brackish Water


Describes water having a lower saline content than normal seawater, usually found where a freshwater stream or river meets the sea.


Braid


Braid is a type of fishing line that has become increasingly popular over recent years – It has exceptional strength for such small diameters,  for example, 15lb monofilament line averages around 0.38mm in size, whereas a braid fishing line can be as low as 0.15mm in diameter for the same strength rating.


Another characteristic of braid is its low stretch capability, which means that every vibration is sent through the line to the rod - making it very popular with lure anglers.


Breaking Down


Breaking down is the term given to taking apart pole sections in order to land fish or rebait - It can also mean dismantling a rig.


Breaking Strain


Breaking strain is the maximum load or weight that a line, swivel, or other piece of tackle can sustain without breaking.


Bubble Float


These are clear bulbous floats that can be filled with water to give extra casting distance - They are mainly used for surface fishing at distance with baits such as bread or dog biscuit.


Bulk Shot


Number of split shot grouped together on a line to concentrate the weight at a particular point - This helps get a bait quickly through the water to help avoid nuisance small fish.


Bump


A fish's investigatory prodding of the bait.


Bumped off


This describes the act of losing a fish through the use of heavy tactics. Fish are usually lost due to the hook coming free of the mouth when sudden movements are made, usually when striking too hard.


Butt


The rear portion of a rod.


Buzzbait


A lure having a propeller that churns the surface during the retrieval in order to attract fish.




       



Cage Feeder


A cage feeder is another version of a swimfeeder, It is used to deposit groundbait into a swim. They are open ended at both sides, which allows the bait to disperse quickly once in the water.


Canal


A Canal is a man made waterway used for navigation.


Cane


An entire stalk of bamboo, which has been fashioned into a fishing rod.


Carp Puddle


This is a term used to describe commercial fisheries that predominantly stock matched sized Carp, generally these waters are newly dug and hold heavily coloured water.


Carp Sack


Used predominantly by specialist carp/barbel anglers to aid recovery of tired fish.


It is illegal to keep more than one fish in these sacks at any one time. They should be staked out in an area which is out of direct sunlight & should only be used as a short term measure to aid the recovery of a fish.


Cast


To throw a line and its bait into the water.


Caster


The chrysalis form of the maggot (The stage prior to it turning into a fly). This is an excellent bait for Roach, Rudd and Bream.


Catapult  


A catapult is a tool used to help get bait into a target area for fishing.


Catch & Release


The philosophy and practice of returning all fish back into the water from which they were taken.


Caudal Fin


The tail fin of a fish.


Chasing The Bait


A term used to describe accurate loose feeding whilst river float fishing - The bait moves in the current of the river at the same pace as the loose feed.


Clean Bottom


The bottom of a body of water that is free of weed & snags.


Clonk


Wooden stick used by anglers targeting Catfish - It is struck against the water creating sound vibrations to lure catfish into the area, It is best employed on large lakes and rivers.


Cloud Bait


This is a very fine groundbait that is designed to attract fish but not feed them up.


Cocktail


A cocktail refers to a hookbait that contains two or more types of bait.


Connector


A small plastic fitting fastened to the end of the elastic at the pole tip - The rig is then attached to the connector.


Cover


Any object in the water that fish can take “cover” in.


Crack Off


Crack offs are when your casting weight snaps your line during casting.


Crack offs occur when trying to cast too hard with unbalanced tackle - The line should always be strong enough to accommodate the casting weight.


Crank


Another word for a reel's "handle".


Crankbait


Is a plug designed to dive below the surface as it is retrieved.


Crimps


Are small hollow metal pieces which are squeezed on wire traces in order to secure the wire trace.


Cupping Kits


Interchangeable cups that are attached to the end a pole section to aid accurate loose feeding.


Current


A current is water moving in one direction, which may be interrupted or redirected over or around objects in the water.


Current break


The location or area where current is altered or blocked by some structure or topography in a stream or river bottom. Also, the zone where current is bordered by calm water.


Cutting Back


This refers to cutting the end of a pole so that elastic can be fitted.



     



Deadbait


This is the use of dead fish as bait - For use in predator fishing.


Depth Finder/Fish Finder


An electronic device that measures and displays the depth below a boat - Some units may indicate the presence of fish as well.


Dibber


A stumpy pole float - Generally used when fishing very shallow water.


Disgorger


A tool which helps remove a hook from a fish's mouth.


Dorsal Fin


One or more fins located on the back of a fish or on its highest part.


Drag


Drag is a feature that allows the fish to take line off a reel when being played.


The drag is manually set to release line off the reel just before the line reaches its breaking strain. Therefore when a fish makes a run, instead of breaking the line, it is allowed to take more line off the reel rather than snap off.


Draw


A term used in match fishing to describe the "drawing" of pegs on a venue.


Drop Back


A drop back is a bite which indicates that the fish has taken the bait and moved towards the angler - this is usually indicated in the slackening of the line.


Drop-off


Is an area which indicates a significant increase in depth.



       



Eddy


Is an area of water that is less disturbed than the surrounding water - Found typically on the edge of a current.


Elastic


Elastic is used within the top sections of poles and acts as a shock absorber when landing fish.


Elastics are rated from 1 to 20, with 1 being the lowest breaking strain and 20 the highest - With no industry standard, it is always advisable to read the packaging of products for their stated breaking strains.


Elastication Kits


Are ready made top sections of poles that have already been elasticated prior to purchase.


Electro Fishing


This is a means of surveying fish in a particular water - An electric current is passed through the water, which temporarily stuns the fish.


Estuary


An area where a river meets saltwater and has characteristics of freshwater and a marine environment.


Eye


The loop at the end of the shank of a hook - Also used in reference to rod rings.



       



Feathering


Is a technique used to slow down the speed of line leaving the reel during casting - By placing a finger lightly on the spool you can control the length of the cast and the speed of entry into the water.


Feature


A feature is an area in a swim which increases the likely hood of catching fish - Features range from Holes, drop offs, gravel bars, sunken objects etc.


Fingerling


A term which describes a young fish that measures just a few inches long (the next stage after Fry).


Fishing to Hand


This is a technique which is used to swing small fish straight to hand - The rod or pole line is set at a length that ensures that when a fish is caught, it can be swung directly to hand.


Fishfinder


Is an electrical sonar unit that displays fish as well as bottom contours and depth.


Fishing Lure


Any inanimate object that imitates something that fish eat.


Fishing Pressure


The number of anglers using a body of water, and/or how sophisticated their approach is.


Flat


Is a shallow body of water that has little if any change in depth.


Float


A visual aid that is attached between rod and hook to aid bite detection.


Float Stop


Adjustable rubber band or bead which is used to anchor the float in place


Foul Hooked


A foul hooked fish is a fish that has been hooked anywhere but the mouth.


Fry


A newly-hatched fish.



       



Gape


The gap between the shank and point of the hook.


Gassing Up / Gassed Up


This term refers to a fish that has been brought up to the surface from a great depth and cannot swim off after release.


This happens due to the changes of pressure in the fishes swim bladder, when the fish is reeled in through differing layers of water pressure - think of it as a Scuba diver coming to the surface too quickly and getting "the bends."


If you ever think you have a "gassed" fish - Make sure you support the fish naturally in the water with its head facing the current. This may take some time until the fish has recuperated, so be prepared to hold the fish until it can move away in a normal upright manner under its own steam.


Gear Ratio


The rate at which the bail am revolves around the spool of the reel for every turn of the handle - This helps measure the speed of line retrieval.


Gills


Are the breathing organs of fish.


Gill Filaments


The parts of a fish's gills that absorb oxygen from the water.


Gill Rakers


These are toothlike projections on the gill arches.


Glug


A concentrated hookbait attractant that is usually found in liquid form.


Gozzer


A large maggot that is soft skinned and sinks slowly.


Graphite Spray


A spray that can be used on rods and poles to protect the joint sections.


Grip


The handle of a rod, usually made of cork or synthetic foam.


Groundbait


Ground Bait is a mixture of bait and other attractant compounds used in attracting fish into an area.


Ground Baiting


Is the act of throwing a large quantity of bait into intended fishing areas to attract fish.



       



Hair Rig


A hair rig is a piece of line that extends beyond the point of the hook which has a small loop of line on its end. It allows bait to be presented without being mounted directly on the hook, therefore improving the chances of hooking fish.


To use a hair rig effectively, a baiting needle needs to be used. The baiting needle is passed through the bait, and the small loop of line is hooked onto the baiting needle. The bait is then pulled onto the line and secured in position with a boilie stop.


Handle


The part of the reel that is cranked to retrieve line.


Helicopter Rig


This is called a helicopter rig due to the hook revolving around the main line, with a casting weight at the bottom. It is primarily designed as an anti tangle rig, however, its aerodynamics give it an added boost in casting long distances.


Hemp


A seed which is used to great effect as a loose feed to target Barbel, Bream, Carp & Roach.


Hook bend


The curved portion of a hook.


Hook eye


The small circle or loop in a hook where the line is tied.


Hook Length / Link


A hook length is a line which is used to attach the hook onto the main line. It's generally of lower breaking strain than the main line, to ensure that if the line is snapped, it's only the hook length that breaks and not the main line. More importantly, it means that the fish cannot be tethered by terminal tackle had the main line snapped !


Hook pulls


A hook pull is when the hook looses the hold on the fish.


Hook Set


Rapidly moving the fishing rod in an upward and backward motion to get the hook into the fish's mouth.


Hook shank


The portion of a hook between the hook eye and the bend.


Hook up

A term given for when you have a fish that has hooked itself on the end of your line


Hot Spot


An area that seems to have fish all the time due to its underwater features & food sources.


Hybrid


The offspring of genetically dissimilar parents.



     



Invertebrate


A creature that has no backbone, for instance an insect or a worm.



     



Jack


A small pike, usually less than 8lb in weight.


Jaffas


Groundbait balls similar in size to Jaffa oranges.


Jerkbait plugs


Are lures with no built in action of their own - They must be retrieved in such a way to mimic an injured fish.


Jig


A lure composed of a metal head to which feathers, a plastic skirt, or another attractor is attached.


Jigging


Jerking a jig or other bait up and down in the water column.




     



Keeper Ring


A small ring just above the handle of a fishing rod, to which a lure or hook can be attached when not in use.


Keep Net


A net that holds caught fish until they are released, generally used in match fishing.



     



Lateral Line


The Lateral line is a series of tiny pores running the length of a fish's side which helps the fish sense sound vibrations.


Leader


A length of braid, monofilament, wire, or another material that connects a hook to a line.


Leam


An ingredient added to groundbait to help binding.


Leap Frogging


Is when two anglers fish adjacent pegs and want to cover as much water as possible, this is achieved by one angler leap frogging the other by moving to a peg on the other side of the angler - this process is repeated after short periods of time to enable both anglers to cover large areas of water. This technique is mainly used in lure fishing for it's obvious advantages .


Leger


A weight that is used as a casting weight to help achieve distance.


Legering


Fishing with a large weight so that the bait can be presented on the “bottom”.


Line Bites


False indications of bites which are caused by fish touching the line.


Line Twist


Line twist occurs when fishing line has been incorrectly loaded onto a spool, it causes the line to coil when leaving the fishing reel & leads to tangles when casting. Line twist can also occur when dual baits such as double maggot are retrieved over distance when long range fishing, during retrieval the hook bait rotates like a propeller & twists the line – to combat this twist, attach a swivel to the hook length to eliminate the twist on the main line.


Liquid Molasses


Is an uncrystallized syrup produced during sugar refining - It can be used to great effect when added to groundbait.


Livebait


Are used when fishing for predators - A live fish is hooked and used as bait.


Loggerhead


Nickname given to Chub due to their large blunt head.


Long Lining


Is a term used to describe fishing with a longer than average length of line between the pole tip and the pole float. which enables the angler to fish a further distance than their pole allows. This technique can also be effective in blustery conditions as it allows a better rig presentation


Lube


Shortened term for lubricants, it also refers to a spray or liquid used to lubricate the pole elastic whilst in use.


Lunker Tackle


Heavy fishing gear used to catch large fish.


Lunker


A large fish.


Lure


A general term for any kind of artificial bait that imitates a fishes natural food source.



     



Maggot


The maggot is the larval form of the common bluebottle fly and is available in many different colours such as white, bronze, red and pink.


Margin


It is an area that has a shallower depth than that of the main water - Usually found nearest the banks.


It's an area that is worth targeting first thing in the morning or during the hours of darkness as fish will search the margins for any food that has been deposited their during the hours of daylight.


Match Rod

A fishing rod that is typical used in match fishing.


Mending the Line


A technique which is used to straighten the line between rod tip and float when stick float fishing on rivers.


Method Feeder


This method of fishing involves squeezing groundbait around a cage feeder or coil. At the bottom of the feeder is a swivel which is used to attach a short hook length - Once the hook is baited, the hook is pressed into the groundbait ball and cast out.


Monkey Climber


Monkey climbers are bobbin type bite indicators which ride up and down a central pin to indicate bites.


Monofilament


A single strand of nylon line used as fishing line.


Movement


The shifting of fish from one area to another on a daily or even hourly basis.



     



Natural bait


Bait that occurs in nature or is made from organic substances.


Net Bag / Stink bag


Large bag used to store your keepnet and landing nets.



     



Olivette


A pear shaped weight used to weight floats, most commonly used in pole fishing.


Oxbow


A lake formed by a change in the course of a river channel.



     



Parrot Cage Swim


A term used to describe swims that feature overhanging branches that make casting difficult.


Paste


This is a mixture of ingredients that are formed together into a paste which can be used as a bait.


Pasties


A name used to describe match sized carp on commercial waters.


Paternoster Rig


A Pasternoster is a rig borrowed from sea fishing which has been adapted mainly for freshwater predator fishing. A weight is attached onto the end of the line and a wire trace is attached above the weight in order to suspend the bait in the water.


Pectoral Fin


This fin located just behind a fish's head.


Pegs


Marked out areas from which to fish.


Pelvic Fins


The pair of fins on the lower body of a fish; also called ventral fins.


Phytoplankton


Tiny plants suspended in water.


Pies


A groundbait ball that contains a high feed content.


Pinkies


Are very small larvae of the green bottle fly - They are mainly used as loose feed or hook bait for smaller fish.


Play


To manoeuvre a fish in a give-and-take manner prior to landing it.


Plug


A lure usually made of plastic or wood and shaped and painted to resemble a bait fish.


Plummet


A plummet is a weight used to determine the depth of the water in which you are fishing. Once attached to your line it is cast out into the desired target area - If the float sinks, then the depth you have set is too shallow, if the float rides too high in the water, the depth has been set too deep. You may need to adjust the float a number of times to find the correct depth.


Plumb Up


A term used to describe the process in which an angler determines the depth of their swim by using a plummet.


Pocket


An indentation on a stream bottom below a run or riffle.


Pocket Water


A relatively calm area of water, often behind a large rock in a stream or river, where fish are likely to hold.


Pole


Poles are made from extremely light, yet strong sections of carbon, they range from a few metres in length to much larger ones at 16-18 metres.


The main advantage the pole has over rod and reel is the sheer accuracy that can be achieved with bait presentation. It also allows for the use of delicate rigs that can show the shyest of bites.


Pole Rig


These are lengths of line that have the float, weights and a hook attached, and are designed to be fished from a pole - These rigs can be stored on a winder.


Pole Roller

A device used to support the pole when shipping backwards.


Pole Winders


Pole winders are used to store made up pole rigs.


PolyBall


These are polystyrene balls of varying sizes that are used to pop baits up from the bottom. Larger ones can be used to suspend dead baits off the bottom for predator fishing.


Pop Ups


This is a bait designed to pop up off the bottom. They generally refer to boilies but can be any type of bait they are buoyant.


Pre Bait


To put bait into a swim to attract fish before fishing the swim - Usually done days or even weeks before fishing.


Present


To offer bait to a fish, usually by means of casting.


Presentation


Combination of bait or lure, rig, tackle, and technique used to catch fish.


Priest


A short wood or metal club used to dispatch a fish in a humane manner.


Pudding


A very stodgy groundbait.


Punch


A small pellet of fresh bread used as a hook bait - These are produced when using a bread punch.


PVA Bag / String/ Tape


PVA is a plastic like material that dissolves when it comes into contact with water.


PVA bags are used to allow loose feed to be presented right next to the hook bait.  


PVA String/Tape is used for tying up the necks of PVA bags or creating strings of boillies to be used as loose bait.



     



Quiver


This is an open topped rod holdall favoured by specimen anglers as it allows rods to be transported made up to fish.


Quivertip


A quiver tip is an extremely sensitive end section of a quiver/feeder rod. It is so sensitive that when the line is tight between rod and hook, bites can be detected by movement in the Quivertip - It will either pull towards the water to register a bite or drop back if a fish has taken the bait and is moving towards the rod.



     



Reel


In its simplest form, a reel is a device that allows line to be peeled off the spool and gathered back in.


Reel clip


Most reels feature a reel / line clip, It can be used to help accurate casting by marking the distance of the cast by clipping the line.


After casting to your intended fishing spot the line can be clipped in order to help achieve that distance again on subsequent casts. This is a real help when feeder fishing as the accuracy of the cast can mean the difference between catching a few and a lot of fish.


Resting Spot


Location used by fish not actively feeding.


Riddle


A riddle is used to thin out groundbait & separate dead maggots from live ones.


Riffle


A riffle is a small, usually shallow rapid with white caps caused by large object in a stream or river that the water is flowing over or around.


Rig


A rig is the end tackle that you use to catch fish, which consists of float, line, shot and hook.


Rig Glue


Glue is placed on the knots of a rig to ensure that there is no movement once tied.


Ring


A rod guide in the shape of a circle.


Rise


The action of a fish coming to the surface to take a bait.


Rod


A long, slender, and extremely lightweight tube made of fiberglass, graphite, or a composite of the two.


Rod Pod


A rod pod is a frame used for holding rods off the ground, they also have screw mountings to attach bite alarms and butt rests.


Run


The flight of a hooked fish.



     



Seam


The boundary or transition point between two currents moving at different speeds.


Season


The period during the year when a species of fish may be legally fished for.


Seatbox


A seatbox is a fishing seat which can also be used for storing fishing tackle.


Seat


The portion of the rod to which the reel is attached.


Shank


The long, usually straight, portion of a hook between the eye and the bend.


Shell


A term used to describe casters.


Shipping the Pole


Term used to describe the pushing of the pole out over the water, and the action of bringing the pole back again.


Shock Leader


A shock leader is a stronger line used at the end of the main line in order to avoid "crack offs"  - Shock leaders are primarily used when casting large distances.


Shot


Shot are small weights that are added to your line to make the bait sink & cock the float.


Shotting Patterns


Are ways in which shot is placed on the fishing line between float and hook. By shotting in certain ways, the angler can make the bait fall through the water quickly or slowly.


Silt


Fine sediment on the bottom of a body of water.


Sink & Draw


A method of fishing in which the lure, fly, or bait is made to rise and fall whilst reeling in – usually achieved by raising and lowering the rod tip on retrieval.


Silver fish


A collective term for fish, such as Roach, Rudd & Skimmers.


Slack


Tidal water where there is little surface movement during the interval between the ebbing and flowing tides - Also a stretch of river with very little current.


Slop


A very wet groundbait which is used to cloud the water in an attempt to attract the fish but not fill them up.


Single-Action


A reel on which one revolution of the winder, produces one revolution of the spool.


Slabs

A slang term for big Bream.


Snags


Snags are underwater features which can make losing your tackle a distinct possibility - They can also be areas that hold fish.


Spaced Shot


By spacing out a number of smaller shot on the line between float and hook,  the bait will fall slowly through the water, in the hope of catching a fish “on the drop”.


Spawn Period


A brief period of the fish cycle when certain fish species reproduce - This period is directly linked to seasonal progression and suitable temperatures.


Spinner


A type of lure having a metal or plastic blade that rotates around a shaft.



Split-cane


A rod made of bamboo strips


Split Shot


Small, round lead sinkers with a slot cut halfway through, this allows them to be pinched onto fishing line.


Spods and Spod Rod


Spods are rocket shaped plastic containers that are designed for introducing loose feed to swims at distances that would make throwing or catapulting difficult. These once loaded are usually cast out using a “Spod” rod, these are heavy duty rods with test curves in excess of 3lb.


Spooking


Frightening of one or more fish – Usually by movement, sound or vibration.


Spool


The spool is the part of the reel around which the line is wrapped.


Spoon net

A landing net that is shaped like a spoon.


Spoon


A flat or slightly curved metallic lure with a hook at one end.


Squatts

The Squatt is the larvae of the common housefly and is the smallest of maggots available.


Stret Pegging


This is a form of fishing where the float is deliberately set over depth by around 2-3 feet with the float lying flat on the surface, the bait is anchored to the river bed with enough weight to hold in the flow.


Stink Bag


A waterproof bag that carries keepnets and/or landing nets.


Stick Float


A running water float attached to the line with three small pieces of rubber tubing - A stick float differs from most freshwater rod and line floats, in that it does not have a bottom eye to pass the line through.


Stinger Hooks


Used in predator fishing, it is a hook that is suspended behind lures for when the predator fish are not striking effectively at the lure / deadbait.


Strap Leads


An additional lead weight that can be attached to a swimfeeder to give extra casting distance or hold the bottom in a powerful river.


Strike


The act of a fish taking the bait – Also the act of lifting the rod to “strike” into a bite.


Stringer


A term used to describe a group of baits presented in a line on PVA tape. It may be boilies, nuts and pellets placed in groups that are attached near to the hook bait.


Stripeys


A slang term for Perch.


Styls


These are small weights used for shotting down pole floats. Styl tweezers are the easiest way to attach them to fishing line - once they have been attached to the line they cannot easily be moved.


Surface Film / Tension


The apparent elastic-like film on the surface of water, which is created by surface tension.


Swan Shot


Swan shot are the largest of round shot.


Swim


This is the area of water in which you choose to fish.


Swimfeeder


Swimfeeders are hollow tubes which are attached to the line instead of a weight and are filled with bait or groundbait.


Swim Bladder


A swim bladder is an organ found in fish that holds a volume of gas to make them neutrally buoyant at variable depths.


Swingtip


A swingtip is a rod tip extension that is attached to the end of a rod to aid bite detection.


Once a swingtip is attached, line is passed through the small eyes on the tip, the rod is then pointed towards the bait and the line is tightened so that the tip rises under tension.


Bites are shown in two ways, if the fish takes the bait away from the rod the swingtip rises. If the fish moves the bait towards the rod, the swingtip falls.


Swivel


A rotating piece of tackle that prevents line from twisting.



     



Tackle


A collective noun for fishing equipment.


Target Species


The species an angler is trying to catch.


Terminal Rig


The combination of hooks, floats, swivels, leaders, and knots used to hold a bait for presentation to fish.


Take


A fish taking the anglers bait.


Target Board


A target board can be placed behind a quivertip to allow a clean background to view bites being registered on the quivertip.


Terminal Tackle


A term that refers to hooks, lures, weights and other gear that go at the end of a line.


Test Curve


The test curve refers to how much weight the rod will take to extend the rod to a 90 degree angle.


Tip


The topmost portion of a rod or pole.


To Hand


The act of catching fish so that when the rod or pole is lifted, the fish swings directly to hand.


Ton Up


Catching 100lb of fish.


Top Kit


The top sections of a pole that contain the elastic.


Trace


Is a metal leader on the end of your fishing line which is usually made of steel to allow for the teeth of predatory fish like Pike & Zander.


Treble Hook


A hook composed of three bends and points that share a single shank.


Tributary


Stream or river flowing into a larger river.


Trolling


To fish by towing a plug or another bait behind a moving boat.


Trotting


Is a technique used to run a float through flowing water - The aim is to allow just enough line to leave the reel so that the float can move naturally in the current, but having enough tension to allow a bite to be struck.


Trundling


Is allowing the hook bait to move across the bottom of the river bed in the natural flow of the river.


Twitching


Is a method of moving the bait in a bid to trigger a bite.



     



Undercut Bank


An area along a stream or riverbank where currents have washed dirt from under the edge of the bank, providing a hiding place for fish.


Unhooking Mat


A soft padded mat used to cushion the fish and aid safe unhooking.



     



Ventral Fin


Is the fin located on the front of a fish's abdomen.


Vitalin


Is a dog food which is used by many carp anglers as a loose feed bait.



     



Waders


These are high waterproof boots, which are used to wade out into shallow water.


Wading staff


A pole used by some wading anglers to negotiate swift currents & underwater objects.


Waggler


A waggler is a float which is attached to the main line by the bottom end only.


Water Colour


The clarity of a body of water.


Weed


Aquatic plants.


Weeded


This refers to when a fish is hooked and seeks sanctuary within a weed bed. Use pressure to pull the fish out, if this doesn't work let the line go slack and sometimes the fish will come out on it's own accord.


Weed Guard


Wire, plastic, or nylon that keeps the point of the hook from becoming snagged on the bottom.


Weigh-In


A weigh-in is the period at the end of a fishing match when all caught fish are weighed.


Whiskers


A slang term for Barbel.


Worm scissors


Worm scissors are scissors that have more than one set of cutting blades - They are used to chop up worms for loose feeding.


Wraparound


This term refers to when the line wraps around your rod / pole end.



     



     



     



Zooplankton


Tiny animals suspended in water.